Global Concern of COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has altered life for almost every American and individual worldwide in some way or another. COVID-19 is not a virus that should be taken lightly and symptoms often include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. According to the CDC, the virus spreads by close contact and respiratory droplets produced by infected individuals. In an effort to slow the spread of COVID-19 many countries and most US states have issued a shelter in place order, which has locked down all non-essential business and travel.
COVID-19 & CBD
As we continue to see a global concern of COVID-19, known as the novel coronavirus, we are also seeing unproven and false claims to use CBD or cannabis for potential prevention and/or cure for COVID-19. Simply put these are untrue statements and there are currently no solid studies on the effects of CBD on COVID-19.
CBD as an Antiviral
Cannabidiol (CBD) has profound anti-inflammatory properties and since CBD and other compounds found in cannabis are similar to the chemicals naturally created in our bodies, they integrate better than synthetic drugs. Showing potential for CBD can be used as preventative medicine.
Although there are limited studies on CBD as an antiviral, not all hope is lost for the potential of CBD treating viruses. One recent study showed positive results using CBD to treat hepatitis C (HCV). The study included the effects of CBD on both hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV). Overall, the study revealed, "CBD is active against HCV but not HBV in vitro." "CBD inhibited HCV replication by 86.4% in a single application of 10 micro-molar." The study found that the results did exhibit dose-dependent inhibition of the HCV virus.
As for now, the International Association for Cannabinoid Medicines posted a bulletin stating, "there is no evidence that individual cannabinoids- such as CBD, CBG, or THC or cannabis preparations protect against infection with the SARS-CoV2 or could be used to treat COVID-19, the disease produced by the virus. Also, there is no evidence that the use of cannabinoids could increase the risk of viral infection."
How CBD Can Help During The COVID-19 Pandemic
Unfortunately, we do not have any concrete information on the direct effects of COVID-19 with CBD, however, this does not mean CBD won't help us in other ways during these uncertain times.
Many of our lives and normal daily activities have been abruptly affected by the pandemic. Overnight, we have had to learn to work from home, become homeschool teachers, distance ourselves from our loved ones all while battling the fear, anxiety, and uncertainty caused by this virus.
Due to necessary social restrictions, we will likely see an increase in depression, anxiety, PTSD, and stress disorders. This is where CBD will be best used. Taking CBD Oil has been shown in numerous studies to reduce anxiety and stress and to mitigate the behavioral and physical consequences of stress. Using CBD has also shown positive results with insomnia and restlessness.
1. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2020). National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Division of Viral Diseases
2. Leinow, L., & Birnbaum, J. (2017). CBD: A Patient's Guide to Medicinal Cannabis.
3. Lowe, H., Toyang, N., and McLaughlin, W. (2017). Potential of Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Viral Hepatitis. doi: 10.4103/0974-8490.199780
4. IACM: Statement of the Board on current corona virus pandemic and the use of cannabinoids, March 25, 2020. http://www.cannabis-med.org/english/bulletin/ww_en_db_cannabis_artikel.p…